Below you can find general information about different therapeutic approaches to the treatment of OCD, tics, and anxiety.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (also known as CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on how one's thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors affect mental health. CBT posits that our maladaptive or unrealistic views of ourselves, the world, and relationships often support our experience of negative emotions like anxiety and sadness. Likewise, our behavioral choices often serve to increase these negative feelings and thoughts. CBT therapists focus on present symptoms to help individuals alter their thoughts and behaviors, thereby improving their emotional states. For more information about CBT, click here.
Exposure and Response Prevention
Exposure and response prevention (also known as ERP) is a technique used in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. In ERP, the client and therapist work together to develop a hierarchy of feared situations. Then, therapists gradually and systematically help individuals to confront anxiety-provoking situations while preventing them from carrying out rituals to reduce the resulting anxiety. Over time, the anxiety response is reduced and symptoms decrease. ERP has demonstrated effectiveness in multiple studies and is generally considered to be the first-line treatment for OCD. For more information about ERP, visit this link.
Habit Reversal Training
Habit reveral training (also known as HRT) is a behavioral intervention that is effective in reducing tics and other so-called impulse control disorders such as skin picking and trichotillomania (hair pulling). In HRT, individuals are first taught to increase their awareness of their symptoms through self-monitoring and other activities. Once awareness is increased, the therapist helps the client to choose and implement an alternate response that takes the place of the symptom. Support, encouragement, and motivation building are woven into the sessions as the client works on these skills. For more information about HRT, click here.